The tempo that world music trade revenues have been rising is anticipated to gradual this 12 months, because the trade is “on the cusp of another major structural change” stemming from the altering value of streaming subscriptions, synthetic intelligence and new cost fashions, in line with a carefully watched report from Goldman Sachs.

In its newest Music within the Air report, printed Wednesday, Goldman’s analysis analysts say they count on world music trade revenues in 2023 to develop by 7.1%, down from an 8% progress projection final 12 months, as reside music and publishing progress charges return to extra regular ranges of 6% and eight% progress this 12 months respectively. The compound annual progress price for revenues from 2023 to 2030 ticked up barely to 7.3%, from 7.1% final 12 months, and streaming income is anticipated to carry regular at an 11%-growth price, in line with the report.

That signifies regular and much more broadbased progress, researchers say, however the trade is about to face a recent wave of large modifications.

“We believe the music industry is on the cusp of another major structural change given the persistent under-monetisation of music content, outdated streaming royalty payout structures and the deployment of Generative AI,” Goldman researchers wrote within the new report. “In the wake of these developments, we believe a more coordinated and collaborative response from the main stakeholders will be key to ensure that the industry not only continues on its path of sustainable growth but also captures new business opportunities.”

Echoing a frequent chorus of music trade executives, Goldman’s researchers say monetization of music content material is means behind the speed of consumption. They estimate that the income earned per audio stream has fallen 20% over the previous 5 years, and that the income firms earn per hour of music streamed on Spotify is 4 instances decrease than for Netflix.

They estimate that as much as $4.2 billion in potential income might be gained over time by charging completely different viewers segments, corresponding to tremendous followers, extra for subscriptions.

Goldman analysts additionally wrote that the present methodology of treating all streams lasting lower than 30 seconds the identical and paying content material homeowners a pro-rata share of streams “needs to evolve…to cope with dilution of market share.” This weakening, they are saying, is coming from the fast-growing variety of songs uploaded to digital service supplier (DSP) platforms, fraudulent and synthetic streams and “the propensity of algorithms to push lower royalty content.”

Researchers additionally sounded a optimistic be aware on the potential for generative AI to decrease limitations for artists, enhance music creation capabilities and enhance trade productiveness total, with the foremost music firms finest positioned to learn.

“We believe the quality of the input to large language models is critical and the largest owners of proprietary (intellectual property) are best positioned to leverage the technology,” researchers wrote, noting the trade will must be aligned in controlling the deployment of that tech.

The report additionally notes that, regardless of fears of market dillution from the push of latest content material, Common Music Group and Sony Music Leisure each maintained their recorded music market share in 2022, with solely Warner Music Group shedding market share — about half a share level — to independents.

“We continue to expect modest dilution of market share over time, mostly driven by the revenue mix shift towards EM, although we believe that the major record labels will continue to expand their presence in EMs through partnerships, investments and bolt-on M&A,” researchers wrote.

Spotify maintains its clear lead among the many DSPs with 34.8% of whole world market share in 2022, though it edged 60 foundation factors decrease. YouTube Music was the “major gainer,” gaining about 3 share factors of market share over the previous three years to carry market share in 2022.